Gender Differences in Treatment Retention among Individuals with Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental Health Disorders
January 14, 2015
Background: A significant number of individuals with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders do not engage, stay and/or complete residential treatment. Although prior research indicates that women and men differ in substance abuse treatment, our knowledge of individuals with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders as well as those attending private residential treatment is limited.
Objectives: Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to examine gender differences on treatment retention for individuals with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders who participate in private residential treatment.
Methods: The participants were 1, 317 individuals (539 women and 778 men) with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders receiving treatment at three private residential treatment centers. Bivariate analyses, life tables, and Cox regression (survival analysis) were utilized to examine gender effects on treatment retention, and identify factors that predict treatment retention for men and women.
Results: This study found significant women with co-occurring disorders were more likely to stay longer in treatment when compared to men. The findings indicate different factors influence length of stay for each genders including type of substance used prior to admission; Addiction Severity Index Composite scores; and Readiness to Change/URICA scores. Age at admission was a factor for men only.
Conclusions/Importance: These findings might be incorporated to develop and initiate program interventions to minimize early attrition and increase overall retention in private residential treatment for individuals with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders.
- Sam Choi, PhD, University of Tennessee
- Samuel MacMaster, PhD, University of Tennessee
- Siobhan A. Morse, MHSA, Foundations Recovery Network
- Susie Adams, PhD, RN, Vanderbilt University